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This Month in History - July

July Summer Sun

Historical events for the month of July, by day:

July 1, 1847 - U.S. postage stamps went on sale for the first time. 

July 1, 1848 - The first photographs were used in a newspaper.

July 1, 1862 - The Bureau of Internal Revenue Service was established.

July 1, 1874 - The Philadelphia zoo opens, the first zoo in the U.S.

July 1, 1898 - Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan hill in Cuba during the Spanish American War.

July 1, 1903 -  The first Tour de France begins.

July 1, 1905 - Albert Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity.

July 1, 1943 - Taxes begin to be withheld from paychecks.

July 1, 1963 - ZIP codes go into use.

July 1, 1968 - Medicare health insurance program goes into effect.

July 2, 1881 - President Garfield is shot. His struggle to survive lasted 80 days until his death on September 19th.

July 2, 1937 - Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean on their way to Howland Island.

July 2, 1955 - The Lawrence Welk show premieres on television.

July 2, 1962 - Sam Walton opens his first Walmart store in Rogers, Arkansas.

July 2, 1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law.

July 3, 1608 - Samuel de Champlain founds the city of Quebec.

July 3, 1775 - George Washington takes command of the Continental Army.

July 3, 1806 - The first cultivated strawberry is displayed by Michael Kent 

July 4, 1776 - U.S. Independence Day. The U.S. Congress declares independence from Britain, issuing the Declaration of Independence.

July 4, 1796 -The first Independence Day celebration is held.

July 4, 1803 - President Thomas Jefferson announces the Louisiana Purchase. The price tag: $15M, about 4 cents per acre.

July 4, 1884 - The Statue of Liberty is presented to the United States in Paris.

July 4, 1984 - After being displayed or over a century, the torch on the Statue of Liberty is removed so it can be replaced.

July 4, 1994 - Hotmail internet email provider begins service.

July 5, 1865 - Great Britain creates the world's first automobile speed limit law.

July 5, 1937 - Baseball great Joe DiMaggio hits his first grand slam.

July 5, 1942 - Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada.

July 5, 1946 - The bikini makes it's debut at a Paris fashion show.  See National Bikini Day

July 5, 1994 - Jeff Bezos founds Amazon.com.

July 5, 2017 - Volvo is the first car company to announce that by 2019 their automobiles will all be hybrid or battery powered. 

July 6, 1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned the King of England, upon the death of King Henry II.

July 6, 1885 - Louis Pasteur creates the anti-rabies shot.

July 6, 1898 - The U.S. Senate votes to annex Hawaii.

July 6, 1933 - In the very first All Star Baseball game, the American League wins 5-2.

July 6, 2016 - Pokémon Go is released.

July 7, 1456 - In a retrial, Joan of Arc is acquitted of heresy 25 years after her death.

July 7, 1928 - The Chillicothe Baking Company creates and markets sliced bread  It is heralded as the greatest invention since.... well since sliced bread!

July 7, 1981 - Sandra Day O'Connor is the first female nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court.

July 8, 1776 - Colonel John Nixon gives the first reading of the Declaration of Independence to the citizens of Philadelphia , PA.

July 8, 1796 - The U.S. State Department issues the first passport. 

July 8, 1889 - The Wall Street Journal is published for the first time.

July 8, 2011 - The space shuttle Atlantis is launched. It is the last launch of the space shuttle program.

July 9, 1795 - The U.S. debt is paid off. The total: $2,024,899.

July 9, 1815 - The first natural gas well in the U.S .is discovered while drilling for salt in Charleston, SC.

July 9, 1947 - Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth) and Lt. Philip Mountbatten (later Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh) are engaged.

July 9, 1956 - Dick Clark hosts American Bandstand for the very first time.

July 9, 2018 - Starbucks announces it will stop using plastic straws by 2020, saving over 1 billion straws per year.

July 10, 988 - The city of Dublin is founded on the banks for the Liffey river.

July 10, 1040 -In an effort to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes, Lady Godiva rides naked on a horse through the streets of Coventry.

July 10, 1938 - Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours.  

July 10, 1985 -  After an unsuccessful attempt to change it's formula, Coca-Cola brings back the ever popular original formula as "Classic Coke".

July 11, 1792 - Robert Bailey Thomas publishes the first issue of the Farmer's Almanac. It is now called the "Old Farmer's Almanac".

July 11, 1798 - An Act of Congress creates the U.S. Marine Corps.

July 11, 1804 - Former Vice President Aaron Burr kills Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

July 11, 1812 - During the War of 1812, the U.S. invades Canada, Detroit frontier.

July 11, 1955 - Congress authorizes all U.S. currency to say "In God We Trust".

July 11, 1979 - Skylab space station re-enters the earth's atmosphere. Pieces land in the Indian Ocean and in Australia. 

July 12, 1862 - The U.S. Congress authorizes the Medal of Honor.

July 12, 1909 -  The 16th Amendment, the power to tax income, is passed by Congress.

July 12, 1928 - The first televised tennis match.

July 12, 1933 - Congress passes the first minimum wage law. Minimum wage is set 33 cents per hour.

July 12, 1960 - Etch-a-Sketch goes on sale.

July 13, 1835 - Swedish-American inventor John Ericsson file for a patent of his screw propeller design.

July 13, 1836 - U.S. patent #1 is issued. It is for a locomotive wheel design. Note: Previously, the Patent Office issued 9,957 un-numbered patents.

July 13, 1865 - P.T. Barnum's museum burns down.

July 13, 1898 - The radio is patented by Guglielmo Marconi.

July 13, 1909 - Gustav Robert Paalen receives a patent for the double-walled vessel required to make Nitrogen Ice Cream. See Nitrogen Ice Cream Day.

July 13, 1994 - Former NFL Superstar running back O.J. Simpson is charged with the murder of his wife. Will the glove fit!?

July 14, 1789 - Bastille Day. The French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille prison.

July 14, 1867-  Alfred Nobel demonstrates dynamite. 

July 14, 1891 - John T. Smith applies for a patent for corkboard.

July 14, 1914 - Liquid rocket fuel is patented. 

July 15, 1099 - The city of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade.

July 15, 1844 - Vulcanized rubber is patented by Goodyear.

July 15, 1858 - Margarine is patented.

July 15, 1916 - William Boeing founds Boeing Company in Seattle, WA.

July 15, 1920 - German Hans Riegel creates gummi bears.

July 15 - 1081- Trolli Company markets the "Yucky" gummi worms.

July 16, 1790 -  Congress declares the city of Washington and the District of Columbia the permanent capital of the United States.

July 16, 1936 -  The first x-ray photo of arterial circulation is taken in Rochester, NY

July 16, 1951 -  The novel "Catcher in the Rye "by. J.D. Salinger is published.

July 16, 1969 - Apollo 11 is launched, carrying the first men to step foot on the surface of the moon.

July 16, 1999 - John F. Kennedy Jr. dies in a plane crash off Martha's Vineyard. 

July 16, 2004 - Martha Stewart is sentenced to five months in prison plus five months of home confinement, after being convicted of lying to federal investigators.

July 17, 1867 - The Harvard School of Dentistry becomes the first dental school in the U.S.

July 17, 1902 - The air conditioner was invented. 

July 17, 1955 - Walt Disney's Disneyland opens in Anaheim, Ca.

July 18, 1925 - Adolph Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.

July 18, 1925 - Nadia Comăneci becomes the first gymnast in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 score at the Montreal Games.

July 18, 1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy's largest collision with Jupiter leaves black spot a phenomenal 12,000 km across!

July 18, 1994 - Crayola begins to market scented crayons.

July 18, 2013 - The city of Detroit, MI files for bankruptcy.

July 19, 1814 - Samuel Colt invents the revolver 

July 19, 1922 - American swimmer Johnny Weissmuller becomes first to break 1 minute barrier for 100m freestyle; swims 58.6 seconds at Alameda, CA.

July 19, 1940 - Winston Churchill uses the two finger "V" for victory sign. 

July 19, 1940 - Adolph Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender.

July 19, 1990 - Cincinnati Red's Pete Rose is sentence to five years in jail for tax evasion.

July 20, 1858 - The first fee is charged to watch a baseball game. Fans paid 50 cents to watch NY beat Brooklyn, 22-18.

July 20, 1976 - Hank Aaron hits his 755th and last home run.

July 20, 1969 - In "one small step for man, one giant step for mankind", Astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to walk on the moon.

July 21, 1853 - The New York State legislature sets aside 750 acres on Manhattan Island for the creation of Central Park.

July 21, 1873 - Jesse James and his gang rob their first train.

July 21, 1983 - USSR's Vostok Station in Antarctica, records the lowest record temperature ever at 128.6 degrees below zero Fahrenheit.

July 21, 1997 -he fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday, setting sail for the first time in 116 years.

July 21, 2011 - NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.

July 22, 1934 - Bank robber John Dillon was shot dead.

July 22, 1975 - An act of Congress restores Civil War Confederate General Robert E. Lee's citizenship.

 July 23, 1904 - Charles E. Minches of St. Louis, Missouri fills a pastry cone with two scoops of ice cream, and the ice cream cone is invented.

July 23, 1966 - Frank Sinatra's song "Strangers in the Night" is #1 on the charts.

July 23, 1982 - The International Whaling Commission votes for a total ban on commercial whaling, to begin in 1985.

July 23, 1999 - Air Force Colonel Eileen M. Collins becomes the first woman to command a space shuttle.

July 24, 1534 -  Jacques Cartier lands in Canada and claims it for France.

July 24, 1929 - Pres. Hoover announces the Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounces war. (A lot of good that did....) 

July 24, 1965 - Bob Dylan releases his hit song Like a Rolling Stone.

July 25, 305 -  Constantine I is declared the Roman Emperor by his troops.

July 25, 1814 - American forces defeat the British at the Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane)

July 25, 1850 - Gold is discovered in the Rogue River in Oregon.

July 25, 1871 - The Carousel is patented by Wilhelm Schneider of Davenport, IA.

July 25, 1944 - The first fighter jet, a Messerschmitt 262, is used in combat.

July 25, 1946 - Comedians Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin perform their first comedy act together, at Club 500 in Atlantic City, NJ.

July 25, 1978 -  Louise Joy Brown, the First "Test Tube" baby is born in Oldham General Hospital, UK.

July 26, 1775 -  Benjamin Franklin became the first Postmaster General.

July 26, 1944 - The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain. 

 July 26, 1952 - Mickey Mantle hits his first "Grand Slam".

July 26, 1990 - General Hospital records its 7,000th episode.

July 27, 1837 - The U.S. Mint in Charlotte, NC opens. It will be destroyed by a fire on this day in 1844, just 7 years to the day after it opens.

July 27, 1858 - The first use of fingerprints as a means of identification is used by  Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service.  

July 27, 1940 - Bugs Bunny debuts in Warner Brothers animated cartoon "A Wild Hare".

July 27, 1951 - Walt Disney releases the animated film Alice in Wonderland.

July 27, 1990 - Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day prison term for slapping an officer.

July 28, 1914 - World War I began. 

July 28, 1958 - The U.S. Congress authorizes the National Aeronautics and Space Act, creating NASA.

July 29, 1836 - The Arc de Triomphe in Paris is inaugurated.

July 29, 1909 - Sir Lord Baden-Powell creates the Boy Scouts in England.

July 29, 1928 - Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" premieres. 

July 20, 1958 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

July 29, 1981 - Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer are married.

July 30, 1965 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Medicare bill. 

July 30, 2003 - The last old style Volkswagen Beetle rolled off the assembly line Mexico.

July 31, 781 -  The oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan. It has been dormant since 1707.

July 31, 1777 -  Marquise de Lafayette, at the age of 19, is made a Major General of the Continental Army.

July 31, 1969 - Mariner 6 flies past Mars.

July 31, 2012 - American swimmer Michael Phelps becomes the greatest medal winner in Olympic history at nineteen total medals, including 15 gold medals.



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