This Day in History - October
Historical events for the month of October, by day:
October 1, 1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes the Director of the US Marine Corps Band.
October 1, 1888 - The first issue of National Geographic is published.
October 1, 1890 - Yosemite National Park was established.
October 1, 1959 - The Television series "The Twilight Zone" premiered.
October 1, 1971 - Walt Disney World opened in Orlando, Florida.
October 2, 1950 - Peanuts comic strip by Charles Schultz first appeared in newspapers.
October 3, 1955 - Captain Kangaroo premieres on television.
October 3, 1955 - The "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres on television.
October 3, 1974 - Frank Robinson becomes major leagues baseball's first black manager for the Cleveland Indians.
October 4, 1883 - The Orient Express train takes off on its first trip from Paris to Istanbul.
October 4, 2006 - Founder Julian Assange launches WikiLeaks.
October 5, 1921 - The World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time.
October 6, 1889 - Thomas Edison showed the 1st motion picture.
October 6, 1967 - The first Physician's Assistants graduate from Duke University.
October 6, 2000 - "CSI: Crime Scene Investigation" premieres on television.
October 7, 1982 - "Cats" premieres on Broadway, the second longest running play ever.
October 8, 1871 - The Great Chicago Fire levels 3 1/2 square miles of the city. According to legend, it was started by Mrs. O'Leary's cow.
October 9, 1888 - The general public was first admitted into the Washington Monument.
October 9, 2018 - Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus performs its last show, a victim of falling attendance, animal rights protests, and high operating cost.
October 10, 1886 - Griswald Lorillard of Tuxedo Park, NY cuts the tails off a tailcoat, creating the first tuxedo.
October 10, 1973 - Spiro Agnew becomes just the second person to resign as Vice President of the United States. Pleaded no contest to income tax evasion.
October 11, 1984 - Saturday Night Live premieres on television.
October 11, 1984 - Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Kathryn Sullivan became the first American woman to walk in space.
October 12, 1810 - The very first Oktoberfest is held in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.
October 13, 1792 - The cornerstone was laid for the Whitehouse.
October 13, 1775 - The U.S. Continental Navy was created. See Navy Day
October 14, 1971 - Martin Luther King Jr was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
October 15, 1951 - "I Love Lucy Show" premiered on television.
October 15, 1966 - U.S. Department of Transportation was created.
October 16, 1793 - Marie Antoinette was guillotined for treason.
October 16, 1962 - Cuban Missile crisis begins.
October 1, 1931 - Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion.
October 17, 1977 - Joe Pedott of San Fransisco, CA. applies for a U.S. patent for the Chia Pet. See Chia Pet Day.
October 18, 1867 - The United States purchased the territory of Alaska from Russia for $7.2M. What a deal that was!!
October 19, 1983 - The Senate passed a bill making Martin Luther King's Birthday a national holiday.
October 19, 1781 - The Revolutionary War ended.
October 21, 1797 - "Old Ironsides", the USS Constitution was launched in Boston, MA.
October 21, 1879 - Thomas Edison invented the incandescent electric lamp.
October 23, 1915 - 25,000 women marched in New York City demanding the right to vote.
October 24, 1929 - Black Thursday stock market panic. Investors panicked and dumped over 13 million shares of stock. The market then rallied for a few days before the crash on October 29.
October 24, 1945 - The United Nations came into existence.
October 24, 1901 - Anna Edison Taylor is the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
October 25, 1983 - U.S. forces invade Grenada.
October 26, 1825 - The Erie Canal opens, connecting Lake Erie to the Hudson River to commercial shipping. It is the first manmade waterway .
October 26, 1881 - The "Gunfight at the OK Corral" occurs. Wyatt Earp, his two brothers, and "Doc" Holliday, have a shootout with the Ike Clanton gang.
October 27, 1969 - President Theodore Roosevelt's birthday. The "Teddy bear" was named after him.
October 28, 1636 - Harvard University is founded in Cambridge, MA.
October 28, 1886 - France presents the U.S. with the statute of Liberty.
October 28, 1965 - The Gateway Arch in St. Louis is completed. It was built as a tribute to Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase.
October 29, 1929 - The New York Stock Exchange crashed on what became known as "Black Tuesday", starting the Great Depression. Prices plummeted and billions of dollars were lost.
October 29, 1969 - The Internet is created when the first bits and bytes of data are sent between computers at UCLA and Stanford Research Institute.
October 30, 1938 - Orson Wells' "War of the Worlds" is broadcast on the radio, sparking panic as listeners believed the news bulletins about a Martian invasion.
October 31, 1926 - Magician Harry Houdini dies from complications of a ruptured appendix.
October 31, 1984 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Ghandi was assassinated.
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