This Day in History - April
Historical events in the month of April, by day:
April 1, 1778 - Oliver Pollack invents the dollar sign $
April 1, 1/856 - Dexter Mason Ferry and partners found Gardener, Ferry & Church Seed Company, now called Ferry-Morse, the oldest seed company in America.
April 1, 1963 - Daytime soap opera General Hospital first airs on ABC.
April 1, 1976 - Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple computer from the garage of Job's parents home in Cupertino, CA.
April 1, 2004 - Google introduces Gmail.
April 2, 1513 - Explorer Juan Ponce DeLeon, claims Florida for Spain.
April 2, 1792 - Congress passes the Coinage Act and the U.S. Mint is born.
April 2, 1823 - William Magear "Boss" Tweed, a corrupt NYC politician, U.S. Senator, NY State Senator.
April 2, 1877 - The first Easter Egg Roll is held on the White House Lawn.
April 2, 1978 - Television series "Dallas" premieres.
April 3, 1860 - The Pony Express begins delivering the mail.
April 3, 1882 - American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford in his home in St. Joseph.
April 3, 1968 - The movie "Planet of the Apes" premieres at theaters across America.
April 4, 1887 - Susanna Medora Salter is the first woman to be elected mayor in the nation in Argonia, Kansas.
April 4, 1968 - Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated.
April 4, 1949 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is signed.
April 4, 1973 - In New York City, the World Trade tower opens. At 110 stories, it is the tallest building in the world at the time.
April 4, 1975 - Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
April 5, 456 - Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary Bishop.
April 5, 1964 - General Douglas MacArthur died in Washington, D.C. at the age of 84.
April 6, 1909 - Explorers Matthew A. Henson and Robert E. Perry are the first to reach the North Pole.
April 6, 1896 - The first modern Olympic games opens in Athens, Greece.
April 6, 1930 - Twinkies hit the market. The first Twinkies were banana-filled.
April 6, 1938 - Teflon is invented by Roy J. Plunkett
April 7, 1948 - The World Health Organization (WHO) is founded.
April 7, 1949 - The musical South Pacific, by Rodgers and Hammerstein, opens on Broadway.
April 7, 1969 - The Internet's symbolic birthday.
April 8, 1820 - The ancient Greek Statue Vincent di Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Milos.
April 8, 1879 - Milk is sold in glass bottles for the first time.
April 8, 1974 - Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hits his 715th home run to surpass Babe Ruth's 714 home run record.
April 9, 1865 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, ending the Civil War.
April 9, 1950 - Bob Hope's first appearance on television.
April 9, 1691 - French explorer LaSalle reaches the Mississippi river.
April 9, 1963 - The U.S. Senate passes a law making Winston Churchill the first honorary U.S. citizen.
April 10, 1849 - Walter Hunt of New York City patents the safety pin. He later sells the patent for $400. See Safety Pin Day.
April 10, 1866 - Do you love animals? The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was established.
April 10, 1912 - The "unsinkable" RMS Titanic departs on it's maiden (and final) voyage from Southampton, England.
April 10, 1916 - The PGA was formed, and the first professional golf tournament was held.
April 10, 1970 - Paul McCartney officially announce that the Beatles have split up.
April 11, 1900 - The U.S. Submarine Force was officially established.
April 11, 1968 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
April 11, 1976 - Apple's Steve Wozniak creates the Apple 1 computer.
April 11, 2003 - Fossilized dinosaur eggs with embryo is discovered in China.
April 12, 1900 - By an Act of Congress, Puerto Rico becomes a U.S, territory. (1900)
April 12, 1934 - Mount Washington Observatory records the highest surface wind ever measured, anywhere on earth--- 231 miles per hour! See Big Wind Day
April 12, 1961 - Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person in space.
April 13, 1861 - After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to the Confederates during the Civil War.
April 13, 1997 - Tiger Woods wins the Masters Golf Tournament, becoming the first African American and youngest person to win this premier golf event.
April 14, 1828 - Noah Webster produced the first American Dictionary.
April 14, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. He died the next day.
April 14, 1939 - Author John Steinbeck publishes hid novel "The Grapes of Wrath".
April 15, 1912 - The Titanic hits an iceberg in the Northern Atlantic ocean as sinks.
April 15, 1955 - The first franchised McDonald's restaurant opens in Des Plaines, IL.
April 15, 2002 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves the use of Botox.
April 15, 2019 - A major fire at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, topples spire, destroys roof and more.
April 16, 1900- The U.S Postal Service issues the first books of postage stamps.
April 16, 1945 - The battle of Berlin begins as Russian forces begin to attack the Nazi capital.
April 16, 1962 - Walter Cronkite begins as anchor of CBS Evening News.
April 17, 1397 - Geoffrey Chaucer tells "The Canterbury Tales" for the first time at the court of English King Richard II.
April 17, 1964 - The Ford Mustang is formally introduced to the marketplace. The base price : $2,368.
April 18, 1775 - Paul Revere makes his famous ride from Charlestown to Lexington, Ma., shouting "the Red Coats are coming" as the American Revolutionary War begins.
April 18, 1783 - Fighting ended for the American Revolution, exactly 8 years to the day when it first started.
April 18, 1906 - The Great San Francisco earthquake hits, killing almost 4,000 people and destroying over 75% of the city.
April 18, 1981 - Longest game in professional baseball history: Pawtucket Red Sox tie the Rochester Red Wings 2-2 in 32 innings. The game was finished on June 23, Pawtucket won 3-2 in 33 innings.
April 19, 1775 - The Battle of Lexington and Concord. British troops fire "the shot heard 'round the world" and the Revolutionary War begins.
April 19, 1932 - President Herbert Hoover suggests a five day work week.
April 19, 1993 - After a 51 day siege in Waco, Texas, the Branch Dividian compound goes up in flames, killing the cult members.
April 19, 1995 - Timothy McVeigh bombs the Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people, and injuring hundreds more.
April 20, 1611 - The first known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy "Macbeth" is performed at Globe Theatre in London, England.
April 20, 1981 - The final episode of television series "Soap" airs.
April 20, 1999 - Two teenage boys go on a shooting rampage in Columbine High school in Littleton, Colorado. One teacher and 12 students are killed.
April 21, 753 B.C. - The city of Rome, Italy was founded.
April 21, 1878- First Lady Lucy Hayes begins the tradition of holding an egg rolling contest on the White House lawn.
April 21, 1898 - The Spanish-American War begins.
April 21, 1918 - German WWI Air Ace Baron Manfred von Richtofen, "The Red Baron", is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme, France.
April 21, 1952 - Secretaries Day, now called "Administrative Professionals Day", is first celebrated.
April 21, 1956 - Elvis Presley's first hit record, "Heartbreak Hotel", reaches #1 on the charts.
April 22, 1969 - The first human eye transplant is performed.
April 22, 1970 - The First Earth Day celebration is held, founded by Gaylord Nelson.
April 22, 1976 - Barbara Walters becomes the first female U.S. nightly news anchor (for ABC).
April 23, 1861 - Robert E. Lee is named the Commander of the Virginia Confederate forces.
April 23, 1954 - Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits the first of his 755 home runs.
April 24, 1184 B.C. - Greek force enter Troy by using a Trojan Horse.
April 24, 1888 - Eastman Kodak Company is founded by George Eastman.
April 24, 1908 - Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Murdock are the first to travel across the U.S. in a car. They drove their Packard from LA to NYC in 32 days 5 hours and 25 minutes.
April 25, 1859 - Ground is broken for the Suez canal.
April 25, 1901 - New York becomes the first state to require automobile license plates. The fee: $1.00.
April 25, 1945 - Delegates from 45 countries meet in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.
April 25, 1952 - The American Bowling Congress approves the use of automated pinsetters.
April 26, 1514 - Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn.
April 26, 1986 - The world's worst nuclear power plant accident occurs in Chernobyl, Russia when reactor #4 explodes.
April 27, 1840 -The cornerstone is laid for the new Palace of Westminster.
April 27, 1937 - Senior citizens take note, the first Social Security checks were distributed.
April 28, 1789 - Mutiny on the HMS Bounty, the most famous naval mutiny in history.
April 28, 1967 - Muhammad Ali refuses to be inducted into the army and is stripped of his world heavyweight title.
April 28, 1989 - Iran opposes the sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie.
April 29, 1851 - Elias Howe applies for a patent for the "Continuous Clothing Closure", later called the Zipper. See National Zipper Day.
April 29, 1852 - The first edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus is published.
April 29, 1975 - U.S. forces begin withdrawal of its citizens from South Vietnam..
April 29, 1995 - The world record longest sausage is made in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada . It is 28.77 miles long!
April 30, 1789 - George Washington is inaugurated as the first president of the United States.
April 30, 1936 - Warner Brother's "Bugs Bunny" debuts.
April 30, 1904 - The ice cream cone makes its debut at the St. Louis World's Fair.
April 30, 1945 - Adolph Hitler commits suicide along with his new wife Eva Braun in his bunker in Berlin.
April 30, 1952 - Mr. Potato Head is marketed for the first time.
April 30, 1975 - The Vietnam War ends with the fall of Saigon (later renamed Ho Chi Minh City).
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